Founded 2000 years B.C. by Greeks it is one of the oldest inhabited urban area of the world. Nowadays is the third largest city of Italy after Rome and Milan. The number of people and the size of the city make it one of the most densely populated cities in Europe.
Sailors from the Greek island of Rhodes established a small commercial port called Parthenope.
In the sixth century B.C. the new urban zone of Naples, called Neapolis at the time was founded on the plain, eventually becoming one of the foremost cities of Magna Graecia.
Greeks, Samnites, Romans have fought almost constantly to rule this city.
Under the roman domain Naples continued its expansion, was greatly respected by the Romans as a paragon of Hellenistic culture. During the Roman era, the people of Naples maintained their Greek language and customs, while the city was expanded with elegant Roman villas, aqueducts, and public baths. Landmarks such as the Temple of Dioscures were built, and many emperors chose to holiday in the city, including Claudius and Tiberius.
Due the decline of the Roman empire, after a long era Naples was captured by the Ostrogoths, a Germanic people, and incorporated into the Ostrogothic Kingdom. However the Byzantine Empire recaptured Naples in 536. The battles to conquer Naples keep going until the unification of Italy in 1861. The only thing that has never changed during all those domains was the importance of the city under each kingdom. The constant economical, cultural and intellectual expansion made Naples one of the most important center in Europe, representing a point of reference for other cities.